Physical and Pharmacological Effects of Marijuana


Cannabis isn’t always best the most abused illicit drug in the United States (Gold, Frost-Pineda,Jacobs, 2004; NIDA, 2010) it’s miles in fact the most abused unlawful drug worldwide (UNODC, 2010). In the US it’s far a agenda-I substance which means that that it’s far legally considered as having no scientific use and it is pretty addictive (US DEA, 2010). Doweiko (2009) explains that now not all hashish has abuse potential. He consequently suggests the use of the not unusual terminology while regarding hashish with abuse capability. For the sake of clarity this terminology is used on this paper as properly.

Today, marijuana is at the vanguard of global controversy debating the appropriateness of its big unlawful reputation. In many Union states it has end up legalized for medical functions. This fashion is referred to as “clinical marijuana” and is strongly applauded by means of advocates whilst simultaneously loathed harshly through combatants (Dubner, 2007; Nakay, 2007; Van Tuyl, 2007). It is in this context that it became determined to select the subject of the bodily and pharmacological effects of marijuana for the basis of this research article.

What is Marijuana?

Marijuana is a plant more correctly called hashish sativa. As noted, some cannabis sativa flora do not have abuse capability and are called hemp. Hemp is used extensively for numerous fiber merchandise inclusive of newspaper and artist’s canvas. Cannabis sativa with abuse ability is what we call marijuana (Doweiko, 2009). It is thrilling to note that even though widely research for many years, there is a lot that researchers still do not understand about marijuana. Neuroscientists and biologists know what the effects of marijuana are but they nevertheless do not completely recognize why (Hazelden, 2005).

Deweiko (2009), Gold, Frost-Pineda,Jacobs (2004) point out that of about four hundred recognised chemicals discovered in the hashish flowers, researchers recognise of over sixty that are notion to have psychoactive outcomes on the human brain. The most well known and powerful of those is ∆-9-tetrahydrocannabinol, or THC. Like Hazelden (2005), Deweiko states that even as we understand some of the neurophysical outcomes of THC, the motives THC produces these consequences are doubtful.


As a psychoactive substance, THC at once impacts the relevant worried machine (CNS). It affects a massive range of neurotransmitters and catalyzes different biochemical and enzymatic hobby as nicely. The CNS is stimulated while the THC activates specific neuroreceptors in the brain causing the numerous physical and emotional reactions in order to be expounded on extra specifically further on. The only materials which could activate neurotransmitters are materials that mimic chemical compounds that the mind produces naturally. The truth that THC stimulates mind function teaches scientists that the mind has natural cannabinoid receptors. It continues to be uncertain why people have natural cannabinoid receptors and how they work (Hazelden, 2005; Martin, 2004). What we do understand is that marijuana will stimulate cannabinoid receptors up to twenty times greater actively than any of the frame’s natural neurotransmitters ever could (Doweiko, 2009).

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